Child Protection in Front and Side Impacts - Current and Future Requirements
For the transport and the protection of children in cars, child protection systems have been on the market since the 70ies. It was, however, only after the introduction of the European test regulation UN Regulation No. 44 in 1980, that their quality and effectiveness have reached a minimum standard that was acceptable at that time. Further developments of the legal regulations along with additional tests of different European consumer protection organizations - e.g. the German Stiftung Warentest, ICRT (International Consumer Research and Testing; governing body of the European product testers), ?ko Test - and also the motor press (auto motor und sport, ADAC, Auto Bild, ?AMTC) finally led to a significant decrease in the number of accident victims among children. Unfortunately the applied test setups and rating procedures in the sled tests vary greatly and partly lead to significantly diverging results, which can cause misunderstandings among consumers, manufacturers and developers. Right from the start Euro NCAP has also tested child protection systems in full-size-front and side-impact tests and has introduced a separate test and assessment protocol for the evaluation of the protective effect of Child Restraint Systems (CRS). However, hereby only CRS recommended by the automotive OEMs are used in the tests. The endeavours for research and harmonization of the New Programme for the Assessment of universal Child Seats (NPACS), founded in 2002, can be seen as the latest development on an European level. Members of NPACS are ICRT, ADAC and several European governments. In an initial phase, the test procedures of the ADAC and ICRT are to be harmonised. Euro NCAP has revised it?s child occupant assessment. As of 2013 Q dummies are used in the dynamic assessment. In addition a CRS installation test has been introduced. A significant change will be the consideration of older children (Q6 and Q10) than in the current protocol from 2015 onwards. This will enable Euro NCAP to better assess the performance of the vehicle?s restraint systems.
Who should attend?
The seminar addresses engineers who deal with the development and design of child restraint systems and their integration into the passenger protection systems.
In this seminar you will learn to understand the specific problems in child safety and you will become familiar with the approaches concerning child safety with which you can meet the different requirements.
- Introduction: historical development of child safety, accident statistics, usage rates of child protection systems, injury biomechanics of children
- Child dummies: P-series, Q-series
- Legal requirements: UN R44, R129 and other legal requirements, sled tests, full-size front and side impact tests with special requirements concerning child protection
- Consumer protection tests, other tests, harmonization: Euro NCAP, NPACS; ISO suggestion side impact, AMS, ADAC, others
- Child protection systems: types and classifications, standards, ISO-FIX, Top Tether, Ease of Use/Misuse
BASt - German Federal Highway Research Institute
Britta Schnottale is working as a scientific assistant in the department for "Passive Safety and Biomechanis" of the German Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt).Here she is responsible for safety issues concerning children in vehicles. This includes participation in national research projects as well as in EU projects on child safety (CHILD, CASPER). She was a member of the informal working group of the GRSP "Child Safety" on the development of UN R129. Britta Schnottale is also a member of the Euro NCAP Child Safety Working Group.
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