Introduction to Passive Safety of Vehicles


Ever increasing requirements regarding vehicle safety have led to rapid developments, with major innovations in the field of Active and Passive Safety. Especially legal requirements in the USA (FMVSS 208, 214), the consumer information tests U.S. NCAP, Euro NCAP, C-NCAP and IIHS, as well as pedestrian protection regulations are drivers behind this trend. The seminar provides an introduction to Passive Safety of Vehicles. Passive Safety is about initiatives and legal provisions for the limitation of injuries following an accident. All important topics are covered in the seminar, from accident statistics and injury-biomechanics, which are decisive parts of accident research, to the crash-rules and regulations that are derived from the latter, and also to consumer information-tests with protection criteria and test procedures, and eventually to crash tests, where the compliance with the compulsory limits is tested and proven in test procedures. Specific attention is given to dummies, with which the potential loads on a person in an accident can be measured. Finally the basic principles of occupant protection are explained, and the components of occupant protection systems, respectively restraint-systems in motor vehicles such as airbags, belt-system, steering wheel, seat, interior, stiff passenger compartment and others, as well as their increasingly complex interaction, also in terms of new systems, will be discussed.


The seminar addresses everybody who wants to obtain an up-to-date overview of this wide area. It is suited for novices in the field of Passive Safety of Vehicles such as university graduates, career changers, project assistants, internal service providers, but also for highly qualified technicians from the crash-test lab.


It is the primary objective of this seminar to communicate an understanding for the entire field of Passive Safety with all its facets and correlations, but also for its limits and trends. In the seminar you are going to learn about and understand the most important topics and can then judge their importance for your work. With the extensive, up-to-date documentation you obtain a valuable and unique reference book for your daily work.


  • Introduction to vehicle safety
    • Overview active and passive safety
    • Crash physics
  • Accident research
    • Overview of accident research methods
    • Classifications
    • Statistics
  • Biomechanics
    • Human anatomy
    • Injury mechanisms
    • Injury criteria
  • Dummy technology
    • Dummy terminology
    • Dummy family
  • Crash testing
    • Crash test systems and components
    • Test methods
  • Crash regulations and NCAP tests
    • Institutions
    • Passive safety regulations
    • NCAP tests
    • Insurance tests (IIHS, RCAR, C-IASI, ...)
  • Protection principles, occupant protection systems
    • Protection principles of passive safety
    • Primary restraints - seat belt, airbag
    • Secondary restraints - interior, steering wheel, steering column, seat
    • Car body crashworthiness
    • Pedestrian protection
    • Integrated safety

Ralf Reuter gmbh

Reuter Ralf Reuter studied mechanical engineering and business administration at the technical universities of Darmstadt and Eindhoven. Since 1997 he has worked for carhs in various management positions. He deals with vehicle safety issues intensively, in particular with the latest developments in rules and regulations as well as consumer testing. As he is in charge of the SafetyWissen which has been published by carhs for many years, he keeps his knowledge up-to-date and profits from the inputs of carhs' trainer and expert network.

Rainer Hoffmann gmbh

Hoffmann Rainer Hoffmann has been involved in automotive safety throughout his career. After graduating from Wayne State University, he joined Porsche as a research associate in passive safety. Mr. Hoffmann advanced safety simulation during his subsequent tenure at ESI Group where he introduced new techniques like airbag simulation, numerical airbag folding and FE dummy modeling. As the head of the simulation department of PARS (now Continental Safety Engineering), Mr. Hoffmann led the R&D efforts for some of the first series production side airbag developments. In 1994 Mr. Hoffmann founded EASi Engineering GmbH, which in 2006 was renamed to carhs GmbH. He has authored numerous technical papers and has been granted German and international patents in the automotive safety field.

Maren Finck gmbh

Finck Maren Finck is a Project Manager at gmbh. From 2008 - 2015 she worked at EDAG as a project manager responsible for passive vehicle safety. Previously, she worked several years at carhs GmbH and TECOSIM as an analysis engineer with a focus on pedestrian safety and biomechanics.

日期 语言 价格 课程番号
11 Jun - 14 Jun 2024 English 1690 EUR  (1390 EUR till 2024.05.14 ) 4287
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Ralf Reuter
日期 语言 价格 课程番号
16 Sep - 17 Sep 2024 Deutsch 1390 EUR  (1690 EUR from 2024.08.20 ) 4286
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Ralf Reuter
星期一 09:00 - 17:00
星期二 09:00 - 17:00
日期 语言 价格 课程番号
12 Nov - 15 Nov 2024 English 1390 EUR  (1690 EUR from 2024.10.16 ) 4288
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Ralf Reuter



Dr. Dirk Ulrich
电话: 06023 - 96 40 - 66


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